Although David Barney was homeless for several months, he never thought of himself as living in poverty. Barney, 43, got laid off from a construction job in 2010, and after both his parents died within months of each other, he was overwhelmed with funeral costs.
The New Orleans native started sleeping in local shelters and looking for work. He sent out several job applications, but had trouble finding work. While at Stewpot Community Services Opportunity Center, Barney asked Opportunity Center Director Heather Ivery if she was hiring. He soon started working as a security guard.
"She gave me the opportunity, and I started working, and now I'm slowly climbing up the ladder to the status I was before," Barney says.
Barney oversees the day shelter, which 60 to 100 people use each day. Barney also tries to encourage people who have similar stories, telling them that their situation doesn't have to be permanent. Stewpot Community Services offers job training, housing referral services, employment opportunities, shelter and meals to individuals in need.
"I never let it set on my mind that I was living the below the poverty level and homeless," he says. "I'm not where I want to be, but I'm on my way."
Barney, who now lives in Byram, said that he sees individuals on a daily basis who feel like they can't escape their situation and become discouraged. Because they have trouble envisioning themselves with a job, they are more prone to give up looking.
"Some people get boxed in," he says. "Some people are allowing themselves to be enablers rather than reaching for a helping hand."
Individuals who live in neighborhoods where 40 percent or more of residents live below the poverty line are more likely to face additional burdens and remain in poverty, reports the Brookings Institution in its study, "The Re-Emergence of Concentrated Poverty: Metropolitan Trends in the 2000s," released Nov. 3. The report finds that areas of concentrated poverty in the Jackson area are on the rise, and that these areas create additional obstacles and burdens for individuals such as lack of quality education, increased crime rates, lower property values, and lack of goods and services. Poverty also strains local governments, which is evident when comparing Jackson to cities in the surrounding suburbs.
The study finds population in extremely poor neighborhoods (where 40 percent or more of residents live below the poverty line) in the country rose by one-third over the past 10 years, and southern metro areas reported a 33 percent increase in growth in the number of poor individuals in concentrated poor areas. The Jackson metro area ranks No. 6 for its increase in concentrated poverty for the 100 cities profiled in the Brookings report with a 12.2 increase.
The city of Jackson had the seventh highest increase in concentrated poverty in the country of the cities profiled at 22.4 percent.
In the Jackson metro area, the concentrated poverty rate was 22.7 percent from 2005 to 2009, compared to inside the city limits where the rate was 35.2 percent. The suburbs had a 10.6 percent rate of poverty. The total metro area has 20,892 poor people living in extremely poor neighborhoods, and 4,954 of those people live in the suburbs.
Nationally, the population in extreme-poverty neighborhoods rose twice as fast in suburbs as in cities. Historically, pockets of extreme poverty have occurred primarily in urban areas. The number of extreme-poverty neighborhoods in suburban communities grew by 54 percent, compared to cities, which grew at 18 percent.
JFP Index: Poverty Factors in Mississippi
• High school graduation rate: 63.9 percent compared to the 74.7 percent national average
• Percentage of young adults ages 25 to 34 with an associate's degree or higher: 30.3 percent compared to the 37.5 percent national average
• Wage gap between male and female workers: 74.8 cents earned by a woman for every dollar earned by a man doing the same job, as compared to the 78.5 cents on the dollar for the national rate
• Percentage of the state population living without health insurance: 18.2 percent compared to the 16.3 percent national rate
• Number of births by teenagers: 65.7 births per 1,000 compared to the 41.5 births per 1,000 at the national level.
• Number of children living in foster care: 3,582
• Percentage of households struggling with hunger: 19.4 percent compared to 14.5 percent national rate
• Percentage of unemployed workers receiving unemployment insurance: 49.8 percent compared to the 66.1 percent rate
• Percentage of people without checking or savings accounts, or "unbanked": 16.4 percent compared to the 7.7 national rate
SOURCE: Half in 10 Campaign