In an exhibit titled "Women: Agents of Change in the American Civil Rights Movement," Jackson State University offers a glimpse into the documentary photography of Dr. Doris A. Derby.
"Dr. Doris Derby was an active member of the Civil Rights Movement, and she used her photography to document work, particularly in the Delta, but throughout Mississippi during the civil rights movement," says Angela Stewart, the archivist at the Margaret Walker Center. "So the exhibit highlights women who, while they may not be nationally known, are local icons."
Among those local icons are Myrlie Evers, Fannie Lou Hamer and Margaret Walker Alexander. But refreshingly, most of the frames, which wind around the room like a black-and-white filmstrip in a silent movie, show images of common folk—primarily women—simply living their lives.
The center unveiled the exhibit April 11 as part of the opening ceremony for Jackson State University's eighth annual Creative Arts Festival. The theme for this year's Creative Arts Festival, "The Legacy of Freedom Summer," befit Dr. Derby's exhibit, which chronicles the mood following the summer of 1964 in photos that date roughly from 1967 to 1978.
People consider the summer of 1964, known as Freedom Summer and sometimes referred to as the Mississippi Summer Project, the climax and turning point of the Civil Rights Movement. That summer, the largest number of northerners penetrated the closed society of Mississippi and heightened the media coverage, thrusting the Deep South into the a national spotlight. The projects of that summer focused on several issues, most notably increasing voter registration for African Americans and creating national awareness for the injustices that were a way of life in the South.
Derby's photographs capture other aspects of the movement, from senior citizens making quilts to literacy classes to activities at Liberty House Handicrafts Cooperative and the Black Power Convention, to name a few.
During her time as a member of the civil-rights organization called the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, or SNCC, Derby documented people and events that testify to the grassroots efforts dedicated to the cause. It was while she was a member of this organization that Derby helped organize 1963's March on Washington. In 2013, Time commemorated the 50th anniversary of the march and Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech in a five-part documentary, in which Derby is among 17 activists featured. SNCC co-founder Julian Bond is also featured in the series and is one of the few men celebrated in Derby's exhibit at JSU. A 10-year veteran of the Civil Rights Movement, Derby's exceptional photographs are included in "Hands on the Freedom Plow," a book recognizing the contributions made to the movement by the women of SNCC.
In 1990 Derby became the founding director of African American Student Services and Programs at Georgia State University, where she served until her retirement at the end of 2012. In a video clip published by Georgia State University, Derby talks about her photographs.
"I would say that my photographs are both from the perspective of a photo journalist and an artistic perspective," she says. "So some of my photographs reflect the activities that were going on at different events, and then others are studies of people (and) their persona ...."
A total of 41 photographs are in the exhibit, 40 by Derby and the 41st by artist Rupert Rukuumba Nedd as a salute to Derby. Nedd's piece is a compilation of outstanding events in Derby's life from the 1960s and 1970s. The collage includes some handwritten well wishes to Derby, and among them is the clear signature of civil-rights heroine Rosa Parks.
Women: Agents of Change in the American Civil Rights Movement is housed will be on display until August 1. The exhibit is housed at Johnson Hall Art Gallery at Jackson State University, while a complementary exhibit is on display across the plaza at Ayer Hall. The event is free and open to the public. For more information, call 601-979-3935.